The line between legal and illegal use of force can be blurred in cases of violent crime. There is a distinct line between deadly force and legal force, but how can one be sure that force is excessive or necessary? Because of the complexity of this question, there are very thorough regulations and codes that work to define the legality of force and in which situations it is legal or illegal. These codes also regulate the use of force by law enforcement officers. Because of their responsibility to protect our communities, they are governed by specific regulations regarding force.
In some states, laws protect law enforcement officers right to use force if a person is resisting arrest or threatening to use force to deter an arrest. Not only can a law enforcement officer use legal force in these situations, but anyone they request to assist them in a moment can also be protected using the same guidelines as the law officer.
Law enforcement can use force to subdue a person resisting arrest in specific situations. Force is legal in self-defense if a person is threatening their health while resisting arrest. They may also legally use reasonable force to retake an escaped felon. These two reasons are often clearly defined and understood.
Force can also be used in overtaking a fleeing criminal, and even deadly force can be used in some states in these circumstances. If a police officer or other law enforcement officer has reason to believe that a fleeing felon is a harm to other people around them or has committed a crime in which they seriously injured another person, deadly force may be an acceptable means of ensuring their arrest.
Use of force can be a complex and situational action that often is contended by one of the parties involved in the crime or attempted arrest.
Copyright law is a means of securing legal protection of your ownership of a publication or another type of intellectual property, such as a website or a blog. If you publish a book and sign a contract with a publisher, you normally agree to relinquish all rights to the work until a certain condition is met. This can be a length of time, in which case you will start to earn royalties after your book has been in print for a certain number of months. It can also be a price, which would be the total royalties that your book must earn before you start getting paid. This price is normally your publishing advance, so when your book has made more than your advance, you start earning royalties.
When you publish a book, a website or a blog you automatically establish ownership of that content, whether you sign a contract or not. International copyright law can be extremely complicated, with many different clauses and conditions. However, the standard copyright for any publication is the life of the author plus fifty years. Once this time is over, the copyright of the publication could fall into the hands of any number of entities. Your copyright usually falls into the public domain, but you could have a special clause in your contract stipulating otherwise.
There are two different types of copyright that are generally established for a publication. The first is the copyright in the literary work itself, which has the duration of your life plus fifty years. The second is the copyright in the layout, format and distinct “feel” of the publication. According to copyright law the content remains your intellectual property for fifty years after that specific publication, so if your book sees a new edition a century after its first publication, you will still own this copyright.
The Child Support Enforcement Act of 1984, the district attorneys (or state’s attorneys) of every state must help the custodial parent to collect child support owed by your ex spouse. The district attorney will be the one to serve papers ordering him or her to meet with the district attorney and arrange a payment schedule. He is also the one who will warn the non custodial parent that if he or she doesn’t follow the order he or she can go to jail. If you’re ex spouse is nowhere to be found the district attorney can use legal procedures to locate him or her and ask for payments. Federal and state parent locator services can also help in locating missing parents and they also offer family law free legal assistance for the needy.
These services of family law free legal assistance organizations are of a very big help to custodial parents who are being abandoned by non custodial parent. Federal laws permit interception of tax refunds to enforce child support orders. Other methods of enforcement include wage attachments, seizing property, suspending the business or occupational license of a payer who is behind the child support or in some states, revoking the payer’s driver’s license. The district attorney may implement any one of these methods to help the custodial parent locate the abandoning non custodial parent.
If the parties involved live in different states, the custodial parent can use the law of the Revised Uniform Reciprocal enforcement of Support (RURESA) to seek payment wherein the court in the state where the custodial parent lives contacts a court in the non custodial parent’s state to require him to pay. This procedure can be given free of charge through the efforts of some family law free legal assistance group. Unfortunately sometimes this will take a long time due to the complexity of the process and the low priority of the law enforcement officers and there are many cases that are assigned to them
The family law free legal service is a lot of help especially to those custodial parents who cannot afford to pay an attorney. In 1992, Congress passed the Child Support Recovery Act (CSRA) which makes it a federal crime for a parent who willfully refuses to support in paying child support if the other parent is in another state. The court that had issued a child support order can hold the non custodial parent in contempt and in the absence of a reasonable explanation for the delinquency, he or she can be in jail. This contempt power is exercised sparingly in most states, because the main reason of most judges is that they would rather keep the payer out of jail where he has a chance of earning an income to pay the support.
Law, as a discipline, is vast and ever-evolving. This, in turn, makes legal studies very dynamic. Legal studies have through the ages found favor with students and with the introduction of paralegal studies and increasing demand for paralegals, a number of individuals are also taking up paralegal studies.
Online education now makes it possible to pursue a bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies online via online colleges.
Online Bachelor’s Degree in Law & Legal Studies – Overview
About: The online bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies is ideally designed for those who are interested in the legal process, law enforcement, or public service. It also finds favor with those who wish to go to law school. The online bachelor’s degree program provides a strong foundation in legal principles and processes.
Online Colleges: A number of online colleges offer online bachelor’s programs in law and legal studies.
The most popular and reputed online schools/colleges/universities offering the online bachelor’s degree in legal studies are – Kaplan University, Walden University Online, Western International University, and Strayer University. The top colleges to pursue online degrees in paralegal studies at the bachelor’s level are – Kaplan University, Everest University Online, and Virginia College.
Coursework: The coursework in an online bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies includes lessons in – Legal Language, Legal Brief Writing, Legal Administration, the American Legal System, Legal Administration and Legal Ethics, among others. The coursework is so designed as to provide a student a strong foundation in the workings and intricacies of the law.
Prospects: An online bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies opens up a plethora of opportunities both study-wise and work-wise. With your online bachelor’s degree you could go on to pursue graduate studies in law or even go to law school. You will be in a position to assist lawyers and attorneys in their cases by way of research, drafting, and interviewing. This will entitle you to work in entry level positions (such as those of a paralegal, legal assistant, legal administrative assistant, legal secretary, or court reporter) in a variety of legal settings such as in corporate offices, law enforcement agencies, and/or security service organizations.
Merits: An online bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies provides just the right start to those who wish to work in the legal field and aspiring lawyers and attorneys. The coursework helps enhance much-needed skills. And thanks to an online education, an online bachelor’s degree in law and legal studies can be completed in lesser time as compared to a traditional in-classroom degree. Besides, the degrees are offered by some of the most popular and respected online colleges and some of them are listed above. Above all, the flexibility that online degrees offer, make them popular among students and professionals alike.